||1Oyo State Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
|1st country of focus:
|Relevant to the conference theme:
||Health information and technologies
|Summary (max 100 words):
||The menace of fake and counterfeits products cannot be left to law enforcement agents only. The consumers have a role to play in the fight for the legitimacy of the health systems. The research is based on the use of simple technology to track fake and adulterated antihypersensitive and antidiabetic products by using text messaging with GSM handsets, and the consumer’s 4-STEPS-FREE verification message. The results revealed that the fight against counterfeit pharmceuticals is assisted by the collaboration of all the stakeholders.
|Background (max 200 words):
||In the fight against fake and adulterated antihypertensive/antidiabetic pharmaceuticals and other products, the National Agency for food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) introduced the Raman Spectrometer (TRUSCAN) which is able to identify the slightest difference in drug formulation. Also, text messaging with GSM handsets, and the consumer 4-STEPS-FREE verification message assisted in locating counterfeit pharmacauticals. Counterfeiting is seen as a lucrative business that carries a lenient penalty.
|Objectives (max 100 words):
||The study aimed at assessing acceptability of the NAFDAC introduced measures against counterfeiting, and to assess the utilization of 4-simple-free verification message by the consumers.
|Methodology (max 400 words):
||Exit-Interviews techniques were conducted for 200 customers in four strategically located Community Pharmacy outlets to assess consumers perceptions on counterfeiting, and 4-simple-steps-free verification message was used. Ten Key-informants interviews were conducted for NAFDAC enforcement officers, also, 3 Focus Group Discussions were conducted for members of Pharmaceutical Inspection Committee, Executive of Association of Community Pharmacists and Executive of Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria. The Quantitative analysis was done using simple percentages and Histograms while the qualitative analysis was done using ethnography and context analysis.
|Results (max 400 words):
||The exit-interviews of 4-Simple-Free-Steps reviewed that only 40%of consumers performed the steps. One of the Pharmacies had a reported case of counterfeit antihypertensive/antidiabetc in stock and the consumers concerned all received prompt message in their Handsets; “FAKE, DON’T USE, ALERT NAFDAC”. The key-informants result showed that TRUSCAN resilence and lightweight nature is ideal for NAFDAC operation, it as yielded positive results and tremendous success. The text messaging with GSM handset is effective in securing documents, inventory control tracking and tracing of products and verification of shipments receipts. The 3 FGDs results showed that NAFDAC is focueds and committed to reducing the level of fake and adulterated antihypertensive/antidiabetic in the country.
|Conclusion (max 400 words):
||NAFDAC is repositioning the country for testing regulated antibiotics drugs in the spirit of the drug regulatory harmonization policy being pursued by West African Countries. The consumers’ health needs to be safeguarded through pharmaceutical care enlightment. Pharmacists need to educate the clients in order to eradicate counterfeiting